Available in Bridgeton and Vineland
Dual Energy X-ray Absorption (DEXA) or bone densitometry is used to measure bone loss and assist in the diagnosis of osteoporosis. DEXA is also effective in tracking the effects of treatment for osteoporosis and other conditions that cause bone loss. Osteoporosis screening has led to the earlier diagnosis of this disease, sometimes before symptoms occur.
The scanner passes over the lower spine, wrist or hip and measures the density of the bone. Bone density testing is strongly recommended for patients with the following characteristics:
- Post-menopausal women who are not taking estrogen
- Personal or maternal history of hip fracture or smoking
- Post-menopausal women who are tall (over 5’7”) or thin (less than 125 pounds)
- Men with clinical conditions associated with bone loss
- Patients that use medications known to cause bone loss, including corticosteroids such as Prednisone, various anti-seizure medications such as Dilantin and certain barbiturates or high-dose thyroid replacement drugs
- Have type 1 diabetes, liver disease, kidney disease or a family history of osteoporosis
- Have high bone turnover, which shows up in the form of excessive collagen in urine samples
- Have a thyroid condition, such as hyperthyroidism
- Have a parathyroid condition, such as hyperparathyroidism
- Have experienced a fracture after only mild trauma
- Have had X-ray evidence of vertebral fracture or other signs of osteoporosis
Preparing for Your Exam
There is no preparation for the test. You may follow your normal diet and medication routine.